RECOMMENDATION  ITU-R M.1172*

Miscellaneous abbreviations and signals to be used
in radiotelegraphy communications in the
maritime mobile service

 

Abbreviations Available for the Maritime Mobile Service

 

 


Section I. Q Code
Introduction

1    The series of groups listed in this Annex range from QOA to QUZ.

2    The QOA to QQZ series are reserved for the maritime service.

3    Certains Q code abbreviations may be given an affirmative or negative sense by sending, immediately following the abbreviation, the letter C or the letters NO ( in radiotelephony spoken as: CHARLIE or NO).

4    The meanings assigned to Q code abbreviations may be amplified or completed by the addition of other appropriate groups, call signs, place names, figures, numbers, etc. It is optional to fill in the blanks shown in parentheses. Any data which are filled in where blanks appear shall be sent in the same order as shown in the text of the following tables.

5    Q code abbreviations are given the form of a question when followed by a question mark in radiotelegraphy and RQ ( ROMEO QUEBEC ) in radiotelephony. When an abbreviation is used as a question and is followed by additional or complementary information, the question mark (or RQ) should follow this information.

6    Q code abbreviations with numbered alternative significations shall be followed by the appropriate figure to indicate the exact meaning intended. This figure shall be sent immediately following the abbreviation.

7    All times shall be given in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) unless otherwise indicated in the question or reply.

8    An asteriks * following a Q code abbreviation means that this signal has a meaning similar to a signal appearing in the International Code of Signals.

 

Abbreviations Available for the Maritime Mobile Service

A.    List of Abbreviations in Alphabetical Order

 

Abbreviation Question Answer or Advice
QOA Can you communicate by radiotelegraphy
(500 kHz)?
I can communicate by radiotelegraphy
(500 kHz).
QOB Can you communicate by radiotelephony
(2 182 kHz)?
I can communicate by radiotelephony
(2 182 kHz).
QOC Can you communicate by radiotelephony (channel 16 – frequency 156.80 MHz)? I can communicate by radiotelephony (channel 16 – frequency 156.80 MHz).
QOD Can you communicate with me in ...

0. Dutch 5. Italian
1. English 6. Japanese
2. French 7. Norwegian
3. German 8. Russian
4. Greek 9. Spanish?

I can communicate with you in ...

0. Dutch 5. Italian
1. English 6. Japanese
2. French 7. Norwegian
3. German 8. Russian
4. Greek 9. Spanish.

QOE Have you received the safety signal sent by ...(name and/or call sign) ? I have received the safety signal sent by ... (name and/or call sign).
QOF What is the commercial quality of my signals? The quality of your signals is ...

1. not commercial
2. marginally commercial
3. commercial.

QOG How many tapes have you to send? I have ... tapes to send.
QOH Shall I send a phasing signal for ... seconds? Send a phasing signal for ... seconds.
QOI Shall I send my tape? Send your tape.
QOJ Will you listen on ... kHz (or MHz) for signals of emergency position-indicating radiobeacons? I am listening on ... (kHz or MHz) for signals of emergency position-indicating radiobeacons.
QOK Have you received the signals of an emergency positionindicating radiobeacon on ... kHz ( or MHz)? I have received the signals of an emergency positionindicating radiobeacon on ... kHz ( or MHz).
QOL Is your vessel fitted for reception of selective calls? If so, what is your selective call number or signal? My vessel is fitted for the reception of selective calls. My selective call number or signal is ...
QOM On what frequencies can your vessel be reached by a selective call? My vessel can be reached by a selective call on the following frequency/ies ...  periods of time to be added if necessary).
QOO Can you send on any working frequency? I can send on any working frequency.
QOT Do you hear my call; what is the approximate delay in minutes before we may exchange traffic? I hear your call; the approximate delay is ... minutes.
QRA What is the name of your vessel ( or station? The name of my vessel ( or station) is ...
QRB How far approximately are you from my station? The approximate distance between our stations is ... nautical miles
(or kilometres).
QRC By what private enterprise (or state administration) are the accounts for charges for your station settled? The accounts for charges of my station are settled by the private enterprise ...
(or state administration).
QRD Where are you bound for and where are you from? I am bound for ... from ...
QRE What is your estimated time of arrival at ... (or over ...) (place)? My estimated time of arrival at ...
(or over ...) (place) is ... hours.
QRF Are you returning to... (place) ? I am returning to ... (place).

or

Return to ... (place).

QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ...)? Your exact frequency (or that of ...)
is ... kHz (or MHz).
QRH Does my frequency vary? Your frequency varies.
QRI How is the tone of my transmission? The tone of your transmission is ...

1. good
2. variable
3. bad.

QRJ How many radiotelephone calls have you to book? I have ... radiotelephone calls to book.
QRK What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of ...)? The intelligibility of your signals
(or those of ...) is ...

1. bad
2. poor
3. fair
4. good
5. excellent.

QRL Are you busy? I am busy (or I am busy with ...)
Please do not interfere.
QRM Are you being interfered with? I am being Interfered with

(1. nil
2. slightly
3. moderately
4. severely
5. extremely).

QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static

(1. nil
2. slightly
3. moderately
4. severely
5. extremely).

QRO Shall I increase transmitter power? Increase transmitter power.
QRP Shall I decrease transmitter power? Decrease transmitter power.
QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster (... words per minute).
QRR Are you ready for automatic operation? I am ready for automatic operation. Send at ... words per minute.
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly
(... words per minute).
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending.
QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you.
QRV Are you ready? I am ready.
QRW Shall I inform ... that you are calling him on ... kHz (or MHz)?. Please inform ... that I am calling him on ... kHz (or MHz).
QRX When will you call me again? I will call you again at ... hours (on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QRY What is my turn?

(Relates to communication.)

Your turn is Number ...
(or according to any, other indication).

(Relates to communication.)

QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by ...
(on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSA What is the strength of my signals (or those of ...)? The strength of your signals
(or those of ...) is ...

1. scarcely perceptible
2. weak
3. fairly good
4. good
5. very good.

QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSC Are you a low traffic ship station? I am a low traffic ship station.
QSD Is my keying mutilated? Your keying is mutilated.
QSE* What is the estimated drift of the survival craft? The estimated drift of the survival craft is ... (figures and units).
QSF* Have you effected rescue? I have effected rescue and am proceeding to ... base (with ... persons injured requiring ambulance).
QSG Shall I send ... telegrams at a time? Send ... telegrams at a time.
QSH Are you able to home on your D/F equipment? I am able to home on my D/F equipment (on station ...).
QSI   I have been unable to break in on your transmission.

or

Will you inform ... (call sign) that I have been unable to break in on his transmission (on ... kHz (or MHz)).

QSJ What is the charge to be collected to ... including your internal charge? The charge to be collected to ... including my internal charge is ... francs.
QSK Can you hear me between your signals and if so can I break in on your transmission? I can hear you between my signals; break in on my transmission.
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM Shall I repeat the last telegram which I sent you (or some previous telegram)? Repeat the last telegram which you sent me (or telegram(s) number(s) ...).
QSN Did you hear me (or ... (call sign)) on ... kHz (or MHz)? I did hear you (or ... (call sign)) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QSO Can you communicate with ... direct (or by relay)? I can communicate with ... direct (or by relay through ...).
QSP Will you relay to ... free of charge? I will relay to ... free of charge.
QSQ Have you a doctor on board (or is ... (name of person) on board)? I have a doctor on board
(or ... (name of person) is on board).
QSR Shall I repeat the call on the calling frequency? Repeat your call on the calling frequency; did not hear you
(or have interference).
QSS What working frequency will you use? I will use the working frequency ... kHz (normally only the last three figures of the frequency need be given).
QSU Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...)? Send or reply on this frequency
(or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...).
QSV Shall I send a series of Vs on
this frequency (or ... kHz (or MHz))?
Send a series of Vs on this frequency
(or ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSW Will you send on this frequency (or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...)? I am going to send on this frequency
(or on ... kHz (or MHz)) (with emissions of class ...).
QSX Will you listen to ... (call sign(s)) on ... kHz (or MHz)? I am listening to ... (call sign(s))
on ... kHz (or MHz).
QSY Shall I change to transmission on another frequency? Change to transmission on another frequency
(or on ... kHz (or MHz)).
QSZ Shall I send each word or group more than once? Send each word or group twice
(or ... times).
QTA Shall I cancel telegram number ...? Cancel telegram number ...
QTB Do you agree with my counting of words? I do not agree with your counting of words, I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.
QTC How many telegrams have you to send? I have ... telegrams for you
(or for ...).
QTD* What has the rescue vessel or rescue aircraft recovered? ... (identification) has recovered ...
1. ... (number) survivors
2. wreckage
3. ... (number) bodies.
QTE What is my TRUE bearing from you?

or

What is my TRUE bearing from ... (call sign)?

or

What is the TRUE bearing of ... (call sign) from ... (call sign)?

Your TRUE bearing from me is ... degrees at ... hours.

or

Your TRUE bearing from ... (call sign) was ... degrees at ... hours.

or

The TRUE bearing of ... (call sign) from ... (call sign) was ... degrees at ... hours.

QTF Will you give me the position of my station according to the bearings taken by the D/F stations which you control? The position of your station according to the bearings taken by the D/F stations which I control was ... latitude, ... longitude
(or other indication of position), class ... at ... hours.
QTG Will you send two dashes of ten seconds each followed by your call sign (repeated ... times) (on ... kHz (or MHz))?

or

Will you request ... to send two dashes of ten seconds followed by his call sign (repeated ... times) on ... kHz (or MHz)?

I am going to send two dashes of ten seconds each followed by my call sign (repeated ... times)
(on ... kHz (or MHz)).

or

I have requested ... to send two dashes of ten seconds followed by his call sign (repeated ... times)
on ... kHz (or MHz).

QTH What is your position in latitude and longitude (or according to any other indication)? My position is ... latitude, ... longitude
(or according to any other indication).
QTI* What is your TRUE course? My TRUE course is ... degrees.
QTJ* What is your speed?

(Requests the speed of a ship or aircraft through the water or air respectively.)

My speed ... is knots
(or ... kilometres per hour
or ... statute miles per hour).

(Indicates the speed of a ship
or
aircraft through the water
or air
respectively.)

QTK* What is the speed of your aircraft in relation to the surface of the Earth? The speed of my aircraft in relation to the surface of the Earth is ... knots
(or ... kilometres per hour or ... statute miles per hour).
QTL* What is your TRUE heading? My TRUE heading is ... degrees.
QTM* What is your MAGNETIC heading? My MAGNETIC heading is ... degrees.
QTN At what time did you depart from ... (place)? I departed from ... (place) at ... hours.
QTO Have you left dock (or port)?

or

Are you airborne?

I have left dock (or port).

or

I am airborne.

QTP Are you going to enter dock (or port)?

or

Are you going to alight (or land)?

I am going to enter dock
(or port).

or

I am going to alight (or land).

QTQ Can you communicate with my station by means of the international Code of Signals? (INTERCO) I am going to communicate with your station by means of the International Code of Signals.  (INTERCO)
QTR What is the correct time? The correct time is ... hours.
QTS Will you send your call sign for tuning purposes or so that your frequency can be measured now (or at ... hours) on ... kHz (or MHz)? I will send my call sign for tuning purposes or so that my frequency may be measured now
(or at ... hours) on ... kHz (or MHz).
QTT   The identification signal which follows is superimposed on another transmission.
QTU What are the hours during which your station is open? My station is open from ... to ... hours.
QTV Shall I stand guard for you on the frequency of ... kHz (or MHz) (from ... to ... hours)? Stand guard for me on the frequency of ... kHz
(or MHz) (from ... to ... hours).
QTW* What is the condition of survivors? Survivors are in ... condition and urgently need ...
QTX Will you keep your station open for further communication with me until further notice (or until ... hours)? I will keep my station open for further communication with you until further notice
(or until ... hours).
QTY* Are you proceeding to the position of incident and if so when do you expect to arrive? I am proceeding to the position of incident and expect to arrive at ... hours
(on ... (date)).
QTZ* Are you continuing the search? I am continuing the search for ... (aircraft, ship, survival craft, survivors or wreckage).
QUA Have you news of ... (call sign)? Here is news of ... (call sign).
QUB* Can you give me in the following order information concerning: the direction in degrees TRUE and speed of the surface wind, visibility, present weather; and amount, type and height of base of cloud above surface elevation at ... (place of observation)? Here is the information requested: ...

(The units used for speed and distances should be indicated.)

QUC What is the number (or other indication) of the last message you received from me (or from ... (call sign))? The number (or other indication) of the last message I received from you
(or from ... (call sign)) is ...
QUD Have you received the urgency signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)? I have received the urgency signal sent by ...
(call sign of mobile station) at ... hours.
QUE Can you use telephony in ... (language), with interpreter if necessary; if so, on what frequencies? I can use telephony in ... (language)
on ... kHz (or MHz).
QUF Have you received the distress signal sent by ... (call sign of mobile station)? I have received the distress signal sent by ...
(call sign of mobile station)
at ... hours.
QUG Will you be forced to alight (or land)? I am forced to alight (or land) immediately.

or

I shall be forced to alight (or land) at ... (position or place) at ... hours.

QUH* Will you give me the present barometric pressure at sea level? The present barometric pressure at sea level is ... (units).
QUI Are your navigation lights working? My navigation lights are working.
QUJ Will you indicate the TRUE track to reach you (or ...)? The TRUE track to reach me
(or ...) is ... degrees at ... hours.
QUK Can you tell me the condition of the sea observed at ... (place or coordinates)? The sea at ...
(place or coordinated) is ...
QUL Can you tell me the swell observed at ... (place or coordinates)? The swell at ...
(place or coordinates)
is ...
QUM May I resume normal working? Normal working may be resumed.
QUN Will vessels in my immediate vicinity ...

or

(in the vicinity of ... latitude, ... longitude)

or

(in the vicinity of ...)              
please indicate their position, TRUE course and speed?

My position, TRUE course and speed are ...
QUO* Shall I search for ...
1. aircraft
2. ship
3. survival craft

in the vicinity of ... latitude, ... longitude (or according to any other indication)?

Please search for ...
1. aircraft
2. ship
3. survival craft

in the vicinity of ... latitude, ... longitude
(or according to any other indication)?

QUP* Will you indicate your position by ...

1. searchlight
2. black smoke trail
3. pyrotechnic lights?

My position is indicated by ...

1. searchlight
2. black smoke trail
3. pyrotechnic lights.

QUQ Shall I train my searchlight nearly vertical on a cloud, occulting if possible and, if your aircraft is seen, deflect the beam up wind and on the water (or land) to facilitate your landing? Please train your searchlight on a cloud, occulting if possible and, if my aircraft is seen or heard, deflect the beam up wind and on the water
(or land) to facilitate my landing.
QUR* Have survivors ...

1. received survival equipment

2. been picked up by rescue vessel

3. been reached by ground rescue party?

Survivors ...

1. are in possession of survival equipment dropped by ...

2. have been picked up by rescue vessel                               

3. have been reached by ground rescue party.

QUS* Have you sighted survivors or wreckage? If so, in what position? Have sighted ...

1. survivors in water

2. survivors on rafts

3. wreckage
in position ... latitude, ... longitude
(or according to any, other indication).

QUT* Is position of incident marked? Position of incident is marked by ...

1. name or smoke float

2. sea marker

3. sea marker dye

4. ... (specify other marking).

QUU* Shall I home ship or aircraft to my position? Home ship or aircraft ... (call sign) ...

1. to your position by transmitting your call sign and long dashes on ... kHz (or MHz)

2. by transmitting on ... kHz
(or MHz) TRUE track to reach you.

QUW* Are you in the search area designated as ... (designation or latitude and longitude) I am in the ... (designation) search area.
QUY Is position of survival craft marked? Position of survival craft was marked at ... hours by ...

1. flame or smoke float

2. sea marker

3. sea marker dye

4. ... (specify other marking).

QUZ May I resume restricted working? Distress phase still in force; restricted working may be resumed.

 


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